Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea on the Rise

Cases of gonorrhea have remained fairly steady in the US since 2000, remaining in a range from 300,000-400,000.
Data curated by HealthGrove
To some, this may come as good news. However, recently, a study from the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that there is cause for concern when it comes to gonorrhea — the STD is showing more and more resistance to antibiotics.
Here’s what you should know about this development.

Gonorrhea & Antibiotic Resistance

Bacterial Mutation

So what’s the big deal if antibiotics aren’t working as well on Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium responsible for gonorrhea infections? Well, if the bacteria mutates in just one person, it can make the overall infection harder to treat overall.

More and more microbes have become resistant, thus spreading the resistant strains and perpetuating the cycle.

Gonorrhea is “Urgent Threat”

In 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gave gonorrhea the highest ranking for antiobiotic resistance, deeming it an urgent threat.

At that time, at least one third of all gonorrhea cases showed resistance to at least one type of antibiotic.

In response, the CDC changed treatment recommendations to a two-pronged plan including two antibiotics. After this adjustment, resistance went back down to 0.4%; but in 2014, resistance again rose to 0.8%.

How Does Antibiotic Resistance Occur?

Gonorrhea’s antibiotic resistance may have arisen due to several factors, including the over-prescription of unneeded antibiotics. When individuals take antibiotics that are unnecessary, bacteria is introduced into the body, allowing microbes to become resistant. The same thing happens when individuals do not finish entire prescription courses, or when farmers use antibiotics in healthy livestock to encourage growth, as this affects food sources and soil.

Accurate STD Testing

While gonorrhea’s resistance to antibiotics may be posing a threat worldwide, the best form of protection against the infection is regular STD testing so that proper two-pronged treatment can quickly be pursued. Test Smartly Labs of Overland Park offers accurate, discreet STD testing, including testing for gonorrhea.

For more information on our services, call (913) 815-0988 today!

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