Do you have diabetes?


Blood glucose tests are a first step in determining diabetes

Did you know that November is Diabetes Awareness Month? Over 17 million Americans are probably aware – they have diabetes. Traditionally, diabetes might have been seen as a disease that impacts older people and unfortunately, a few who are younger and in their teens. However with the growing obesity epidemic, more and more individuals are being diagnosed. If you’re unsure of the difference between type 1 and type 2, unclear of diabetic symptoms and wanting to know how to determine if you’re diabetic or at risk… read on!

The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin and there are high amounts of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not know how to process glucose and sugar in the blood.

Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children, teens and young adults. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form where individuals face insulin resistance. The body does not know how to let sugar enter the cells to be used as energy. Instead, sugar is built up in the blood stream. While anyone can get either form of diabetes, there is a higher risk factor of type 2 diabetes among those who are overweight. Genetics also plays a large role in developing diabetes; if your family history includes those diagnosed, you might be at risk.

Understanding Diabetes Symptoms

There are many long lists of symptoms associated with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Each type carries its own set of signals that the body is either not producing enough insulin or the body is resisting insulin.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

Typically individuals will experience symptoms that indicate that blood sugar is high. If diabetes still goes undetected, symptoms will increase in severity to show blood sugar is very high. Some initial symptoms of type 1 diabetes may include feeling thirsty or hungry, experiencing fatigue, tingling in the feet, blurry vision, frequent urination and unexplained weight loss.

Read all of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

The tricky thing about type 2 diabetes is that symptoms do not always appear, sometimes for years. However as they do appear, signs like frequent urination, bladder/skin infections that are slow to heal, increased fatigue, hunger and/or thirst, blurred vision, erectile dysfunction and pain/numbness in the hands and feet may occur.

Read all of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Determining Your Risk for Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is more difficult to access risk. Many suspect it’s an autoimmune disorder that could impact family lines. Type 2 diabetes has been more significantly linked to genetic factors and family history. Type 2 diabetes may also occur in those who are overweight. Medical professionals say that excess fat around the waist, little exercise and a poor diet may all contribute to the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Do you have Diabetes?

To determine if you have diabetes, the first step is a fasting blood glucose test that will check glucose levels in your blood. Depending on if you’re being tested for type 1 or type 2, subsequent testing will follow. Other glucose tests or blood tests checking hemoglobin may come later. Depending on the results of your glucose tests and hemoglobin blood tests, you may be identified as normal, pre-diabeteic or diabetic.

Test Smartly Labs is an affordable option that can run your lab work to help you determine if you are at risk for diabetes, or if you might have the disease. Walk in to our local lab and request diabetes screening. Our friendly team at any of our Kansas City locations is happy to assist you.

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